Defined contribution plans
Obligations for contributions to defined contribution pension plans are recognised as an expense in the income statement as incurred.
Defined benefit plans
Wessanen’s net obligation in respect of defined benefit pension plans is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine the present value, and any unrecognised past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted.
The discount rate is the yield at balance sheet date on high-quality corporate bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of Wessanen’s obligations. The calculation is performed by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method.
When the benefits of a plan are improved, the portion of the increased benefit relating to past service by employees is recognised as an expense in the income statement on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits will vest. To the extent that the benefits vest immediately, the expense is recognised immediately in the income statement.
Actuarial gains and losses that arise are recognised in the income statement over the expected average remaining working lives of the employees participating in the plan, to the extent that any cumulative unrecognised actuarial gain or loss exceeds 10% of the greater of the present value of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. Otherwise, the actuarial gain or loss is not recognised.
Where the calculation results in a benefit to Wessanen, the
recognised asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognised actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan.
Long-term service benefits
Wessanen’s net obligation in respect of long-term service benefits, other than pension plans, is the amount of the future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods. The obligation is calculated using the projected unit credit method and is discounted to its present value while the fair value of any related assets is deducted. The discount rate is the yield at balance sheet date on high-quality corporate bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of Wessanen’s obligations.
Share-based payment transactions
The restricted shares program grants conditional rights to receive shares to eligible employees of Wessanen (equity-settled sharebased payment transactions). The performance incentive rights program grants conditional share appreciation rights, which are settled in cash, to eligible employees of Wessanen (cash-settled share-based payment transactions).
For equity-settled share-based payment transactions, the grant date fair value of share-based compensation plans is expensed, with a corresponding increase in equity, on a straight-line basis over the vesting periods of the grants. The cumulative expense recognised at each balance sheet date reflects the extent to which the vestingperiod has expired and the Company’s best estimate of the number of shares that will eventually vest. No expense is recognised for awards that do not ultimately vest, except for awards where vesting is conditional upon a market condition (e.g. total shareholder return), which are treated as vested irrespective of whether or not the market condition is satisfied, provided that all non-market conditions (e.g. continued employment) are satisfied.
For cash-settled share-based payment transactions, the grant date fair value is recognised in the income statement over the vesting periods of the grants, with a corresponding increase in provisions. At each balance sheet date, and ultimately at settlement date, the fair value of the liability is remeasured with any changes in fair value recognised in the income statement.